Do Not Let Early Forgetfulness Become "Memory Loss"
Dementia is one of the most common diseases among the elderly around the world, approximately 90 percent of cases found in the age between 60 and 65 years, with more occurrence in women. The common presenting symptom of most patients is cognitive impairment and it takes 4 – 5 years to realize that it is dementia. The symptoms of memory problems include forgetfulness, repeatedly asking the same questions, inability to recall events, changes of mood and behavior, being unable to learn new things, changes of language use, calculation, thinking and comprehension. However, cognitive impairment does not occur only in the elderly and can be found in younger people. The condition known as early onset dementia is caused by genetic diseases, frontotemporal dementia or other conditions such as brain infection, toxins or cerebrovascular diseases and etc. Dr. Inthiporn Maethasith, our neurologist, behavioral neurology specialist, Bangkok Hospital Hua Hin shares that early detection in mild cognitive impairment is very important for patient with slight forgetfulness without daily activity involvement. Current necessary intervention including medications will help slow down the disease progression or, in another word, may prevent the dementia. A proper care along with understanding caregivers with an emphasis on cognitive training will improve the quality of life. The most common etiologies of dementia:
- Alzheimer’s Disease is the most common etiology of dementia. It is caused by the degeneration of brain cells and it is not reversible. However, with proper care, the patient can have a good quality of life.
- Vascular Dementia is the second most common etiology of dementia. It is caused by reduction of blood flow to the brain, from either thrombotic or hemorrhagic strokes. The main causes of this disease are high blood pressure, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and smoking.